• This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Publication Reports


Updated on 16 November 2021

This document contains the details of 324 men, women and children documented by Amnesty
International as having been killed by Iran’s security forces during their crackdown on mass protests
that erupted across Iran between 15 and 19 November 2019, following the government’s
announcement about the significant overnight rise in the price of fuel.1
Amnesty International believes that the real number of those killed is higher than 324. The
organization is aware of scores of additional names that have been reported online, but has assessed
that it does not yet have sufficient reliable details to include them in its list of 324 recorded deaths.
The lack of access to information is due, in large part, to the climate of intense fear created by the
authorities, which has resulted in fewer families and other informed individuals being willing to
speak out.


Iran must stop using long-term detention to silence human rights defenders, says UN expert

GENEVA (6 July 2021) — A UN expert today criticised the Islamic Republic of Iran's practice of sentencing human rights defenders to long-term detention, and called on the Government to release all those detained for their human rights work.

"It is too easy for human rights defenders in Iran to find themselves condemned to 10 years or more in prison for carrying out work that is legitimate in the eyes of human rights law," said Mary Lawlor, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders.

"Defenders of women, of children, of prisoner rights, of labour rights, of freedom of expression, of freedom of association, of minorities, of the right to receive a fair trial and of the right not to be tortured — they all run the risk of being detained in dire conditions for long periods of time," she said.

Launched by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), “Tracker 19” is a tool made for an unprecedented global crisis. So named in reference not only to Covid-19 but also article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, this project aims to evaluate the pandemic’s impacts on journalism. It will document state censorship and deliberate disinformation, and their impact on the right to reliable news and information. It will also make recommendations on how to defend journalism.


IRAN (down three at 173rd)



UNSGHuman Rights Council Forty-seventh session
21 June–9 July 2021
Agenda item 2: Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the High Commissioner and the Secretary-General

Situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Report of the Secretary-General*

The overall situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran remains of serious concern. Notwithstanding the economic crisis, aggravated by the imposition of sectoral sanctions and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, internal factors involving impediments to the rule of law and weak justice and accountability mechanisms result in impunity, perpetuate existing violations and increase the risk of future violations. The failure to establish a mechanism in accordance with international law for accountability and remedy for violations committed in the context of protests in November 2019 is emblematic. Protesters, human rights defenders, lawyers and civil society actors continue to be subject to intimidation, arbitrary detention and criminal prosecution, including the death penalty.

Department of State 2020 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Iran
 MARCH 30, 2021
Executive Summary

The Islamic Republic of Iran is an authoritarian theocratic republic with a Shia Islamic political system based on velayat-e faqih (guardianship of the jurist). Shia clergy, most notably the rahbar (supreme leader), and political leaders vetted by the clergy dominate key power structures. The supreme leader is the head of state. The members of the Assembly of Experts are nominally directly elected in popular elections. The assembly selects and may dismiss the supreme leader. The candidates for the Assembly of Experts, however, are vetted by the Guardian Council (see below) and are therefore selected indirectly by the supreme leader himself. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has held the position since 1989. He has direct or indirect control over the legislative and executive branches of government through unelected councils under his authority.

Page 1 of 2